What is questionnaire? To collect information about the problem under study different can be utilized. It can be the questionnaire or any other prescribed test to scale. The main task is to translate the research question into an interview or other instrument constructed for the survey. Selection of tool is determined according to the nature Of sample. If the sample consists of illiterate persons the interview schedule or performance tests may be recommended.
TOOL OF SURVEY | QUESTIONNAIRE
For a good tool of a survey, the questionnaire must be flawless and according to the problem under study. In general, the word form refers to a tool for securing answers to queries by employing a type that and therefore the stuffed respondents in by the enquirer fill in by themselves. however once a form is asked during a face to face scenario with a subject, it’s known as interview schedule. Constructing a form involve deciding what info ought to be sought-after and therefore the style of form writing a draft of form, ‘protesting the form and last with specifying the procedure for its use.The wording of questionnaire should be clear and specific using simple, direct and familiar vocabulary. The order in which questions are asked on a questionnaire needs to be considered seriously because the order can affect respondents answer. Usually, two general types of questions are chosen.
- Structured items (close-ended).
- Unstructured items (open-ended).
In open-ended items, the subject is more likely to tell what is more important to him/her. Close-ended items may be more difficult to construct, but they are more readily scored. Open-ended items can be prepared easily but not the scoring. Some types of questions are automatically structured because of the categories of answer e.g. when subject is asked married, divorced, single etc,
Education Metric, F.A, B.A, M.A
Number of simpling O, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, etc.
Likewise, many questions cannot be structured easily; it happens when responses to the item cannot be anticipated in detail e.g. Due to which factors a young person should join the Party Politics?
A questionnaire must be limited in its length and scope. In general, an interview should not extend much beyond half an hour. Likewise, a self-administering questionnaire should not require more than 30 minutes to complete, and an even shorter period is desirable. Before formulation of a questionnaire, it is the moral obligation of the researcher to learn as much as possible about the subject matter. Moreover, every item of questionnaire must be logically related to the central problem. The researcher should also consult his colleagues and friends to get their thinking on this problem. Related literature may also be consulted, After taking all these steps a big item pool may be constructed, then each item must be judged carefully upon its own merit. Order of questions must be observed carefully. Introducing items must be attention catching. The beginning should have the power to evoke interest, without arousing strong controversial response simpler items should be placed first and withholding the more complex one. Respondents should never be asked to give an answer which could be embarrassing. All questions should be in logical order; respondents should be brought as smoothly as possible from one frame of reference to another. Pilot Study; After the formulation of questionnaire pilot study or pre-test helps the researcher to remove the mistakes. If a questionnaire is poorly constructed then results of the survey will become useless. A questionnaire must yield reliable and valid measures of demographic variables and of individual differences on the self-report scale.