Definition of Emotion? Emotions are feelings that typically have each physiological and psychological feature parts which influence behaviour. each one people appear to agree that joy, sorrow, anger, anxiety, love and hate are emotions; however, it’s not really easy to spot their common properties. The word “emotion” comes from Latin roots intending to “move out” or to “excite”. The impelled person sometimes moves physically toward some goal or far from some dislike scenario.
The individual is “moved internally” by psychologically important scenario. This moving expertise of feeling involves each physiological reactions and “stirred up feelings”. Like motivation, emotions will initiate, direct or maintain behaviour leading towards pleasant stimuli or far from danger or unpleasantness. Emotions are a combination of physiological arousal, communicative behaviour and aware expertise. Emotions are responses to stimuli, from the challenge of a final exam to the excitement of a job interview. Emotions motivate, trigger and direct in these and other situations. Emotions are highly influenced by and cognitive process. William James and his followers suggested that an emotion has following five components.
Internal bodily responses
Reaction to the perceived source of the emotion.
Emotions are organized psychological and physiological reactions that occur when our relationship to the world changes. These reactions include our subjective experience and objective patterns of behaviour with physiological arousal.
CHARACTERISTICS OF EMOTION
The subjective experience of emotion has several characteristics.
- Emotion is transitory, which tends to have a clear beginning and short duration.
- Emotional experience has a definite pleasant or unpleasant aspect.
- Emotional experience is elicited by a cognitive appraisal of a situation. The same event can create different emotions as it depends on individuals.
- Emotional experience alters thought and away processes; from others. it usually directs the attention towards something.
- Like motivation, emotional experience elicits an action tendency to behave in a certain way.
- Emotional experiences are passions that happen to us, we have some control over them. Usually, it is according to our interpretation of a situation, the way we interpret, the way we feel. Subjective aspect is related to our self.
- The objective aspect of emotion consists of both learned and innate expressive displays and internal bodily responses.
Functions Through emotion people communicate their to direct internally and states energize and intentions to others, but emotion also functions individual’s thoughts and behaviour. Emotions trigger and guide cognitions also. Emotions organize motivate and sustain behaviour and social relations.
Aspects of Emotion While studying the aspects of emotions, it becomes clear that cognitive, cognitive and effective all three aspects constitute. The feelings include general as good- Dimensions of Emotion bad and positive negative affective state. The cognitive processes include individual’s interpretations, memories and expectations. The overt behavioural reactions are expressive and instrumental.
Psychologists focus on one or another of these aspects of human emotions. Basic Emotions Robert Plutchik explained that there are eight basic inborn emotions, which are made up of four pairs, i.e. joy and sadness, fear and anger, Surprise and anticipation, acceptance and disgust. He said that all other emotions are assumed to be variations, derivatives of these eight basic emotions. For example, love is a combination of joy and acceptance. Each primary emotion is associated with an adaptive response. Recent Studies have shown that innate and learned, both factors are involved in emotions.
In short, emotion is a complex pattern of changes including physiological arousal, feelings, cognitive processes and behavioural reactions, which are shown by an individual after perceiving the situation, whether it is personally significant in some way or not. The physiological arousal includes neural, hormonal, visceral and muscular changes.