What do you mean by psychology specialization ? Psychologist spends their days seeing people with problems other teachers at universities and conduct research. Still, other work in business and industry designing more efficient criteria for hiring. Most other psychologist work in a clinical and private practice setting. In short, psychology is a field with many areas of psychology specialization.
After having an advanced degree in psychology of one wants to careers and specialization in psychology in a particular area than one has the long list of specifies fields of psychology are clinical and counseling, experimental, developmental, social, personality, health, Community, educational, industrial and organizational, environmental, cultural psychology of women, forensic and sports. Let’s discuss in detail fields of psychology which is preferred to psychology specialization :
FIELDS OF PSYCHOLOGY LEADING PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION
The following are the main fields of psychology;
- CLINICAL AND COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY
It is the most widely practiced specialization fields of psychology. Clinical and counseling psychologists diagnose and treat people with psychological problems. Counseling psychologist sometimes deals with people who have less serious problems. For instance, they may work with students advising them about personal problems and career planning.
Clinical psychologist; Clinical psychologists are different from psychiatrists. Psychology is a branch of medicine practiced by MBBS doctors who subsequently specialize in an abnormal behavior and psychotherapy. This type of psychologist and psychiatrists alike are interested in improving the lives of people with mental health problems. One important distinction is that psychiatrists treat the patient with drugs and clinical psychologist applies psychotherapy only. A clinical psychologist uses the technique called psychotherapy treatment through discussing problems trying to get at the root of them and modifying attitudes emotional responses and behavior.
Counseling; Some members of this group practice counseling which is assistance to people who need guidance on such temporary problems as difficulties in schools or choice of a vocation. Some counselors specialize in helping married couples overcome difficulties that are caused not by deep-seated personality problems but by poor communication or inability to agree on financial or recreational priorities.
- EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Experimental psychologists use an experimental strategy in their work and conduct basic research. Among the key aspects of behavior they study and sensation perception cognitive process learning motivation and emotion.
- DEVELOPMENT PSYCHOLOGY
It is concerned with how people become who they are from conception to death. Development psychologists focus on the biological and environmental factors that complete human development. From many years their major emphasis was on child development. Now their increasing numbers of today’s developmental psychologists shows a strong interest in adult development and aging. Their inquiries range across the biological cognitive and social domains of life.
- SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Social psychology has been defined as the study of social behavior. the study of how people organize and respond to their social experience the study of people in groups the study of the interaction and the study of the effects of one person on others.
- COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY
It focuses on providing an accessible case for people with psychological Problems. Community based mental health centers are one means of delivering such services as outreach programs to people in need. Community psychologists view human behavior in terms of adaption to resource at the specific situation. They work to create communities that are more supportive of residents by pinpointing needs by providing needed services and by the teaching people how to gain access to resources that are already available.
- ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Some psychologists share the widespread interest in ecological problems such as smog water pollution noise and the overcrowding of the urban areas. They seek to determine how these byproducts of our industrial society affect not only our physical health but also our Psychological well being.
- EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
It is concerned with children’s learning and adjustment one school. School psychologists’ test the children make recommendations about educational placement and work on educational planning teams. Educational psychologists work at colleges and universities teach classes and do research on teaching and learning.
- INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Industrial and organizational psychology centers on the workplace both on the workers and on the organizations that employ them. This field of psychology is often partitioned into industrial psychology and organizational psychology.
- FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY
We can know that forensic means of used in courts of law. So strictly speaking forensic psychology is the application of psychology to matters concerning the court of law. Forensic psychology is reflected by any application of psychological knowledge or methods to the task facing the legal system.
- SPORTS PSYCHOLOGY
In this fields of psychology, principals are applied to improve sports performance. Sports psychology is a relatively new field but it is rapidly gaining acceptance.
- PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY
Personality psychology focuses on the relatively enduring traits and characteristics of individuals. This type of psychology study such topics as self-concept aggression moral development gender rules and inner or outer-directedness.
- HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
Health psychology is a multidimensional approach to health that emphasizes psychological factors lifestyles and the natures of health care’s delivery system.